It is an ideal place for the lovers of the ecological tourism, and everyone who wants to visit thelago titicacaarchaeological locations of old civilizations, everything in landscapes of unforgettable charm.
It is located on the Collao plateau. Constitutes the highest navigable lake in the world, 3,812 meters above sea level. It possesses an extension of 8,300 square/km, of which 4,966 square/km corresponds to Peru and 3,334 square/km to Bolivia. It measures 195 kms. length and 65 kms. width and it reaches until 304 m. depth. It presents numerous geographical accidents, 36 islands, some of those inhabited and with archaeological remains.
The south part denominated “Huiñaimarca” is separated from the lake by the “Estrecho de Tiquina” (Strait of Tiquina). It receives the waters of all rivers of the Collao plateau. The biggest quantity of water is received from rains, and it reaches difference of levels up to 2 m. The waters of the lake discharge by the Desagüadero River, but mostly it loses its waters because of the evaporation (95%). The average temperature of its waters is from 9°C to 12°C (48.2°F to 53.6 °F).
lago titicaca punoThe famous scientific and expeditionary Jaques Cousteau carried out, in
Community of UROS and their floating islands (half-day)
The floating islands of UROS are located inside the bay of Lake Titikaka only 14 Km. (9 miles) away from the city (20 to 30 minutes of navigation). The name UROS was used to name a very particular ethnic group that co-existed in lake Titicaca with the Inkas, Aymaras and possibly with older civilizations.
In fact, it is believed that the UROS were one of the first ethnic groups populating the Andean region. These people were simple fishers and bird hunters and preferred to remain isolated from the more advanced civilizations. Their search for isolation may be one reason why they decided to live in mobile houses on the lake. When the Spanish chroniclers encountered the UROS by the end of the XVI century, the UROS were still living on the lake in small reed-boats that they used as floating houses. Only in the early 60, the Uros started to build small artificial islands with reeds for their homes. Nowadays, the reeds are still very important material for the Uros. They eat the reeds, build boats and houses with it, feed their few animals with reeds, and they use the reeds to make fire and cook.
lake titicacaDid you know?… Contrary to the claim by many authors that the Uros’ ethnic group is extinguished, a recent study of the genetic structure of the Quechua and Aymara groups of lake Titicaca has found that today’s UROS people preserve part of the original gene of ancient UROS (PhD Fujita and Sandoval, 2002). Today, thanks to existing Uros, we can still imagine and appreciate the way of life of an ancient ethnic group. These Uros islanders are survivors and they strive for a better future for their children. The young “Uro” are beginning to receive a better education and it is likely that they will not return to live on the “floating island”. The days of this old community will most likely end with the next generation.
Starts 09.15 a.m. Returns: 12.30 p.m.
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08:45 am*: Pick-up from hotel in downtown Puno
09:15 am: Boat departure from main dock
10:00 am: Visit of 2-3 floating islands
12: 30pm: Return to hotels in downtown Puno
Pick-up from hotels, English-Spanish speaking guide.
Not included: lunch, tips